Learn all About Hardball (Cricket ball) Cricket Rules and PropertiesA Complete Guide to all the Questions Related to the Ball
A Cricket Ball is a firm and sturdy ball used in the game of cricket. Cricket law at a first-class level regulates the construction of cricket balls, which are made of a cork core wrapped in string and a leather cover stitched on.
The motion of the bowler, the state of the ball, and the pitch all have an impact on the trajectory of a cricket ball as it is bowled, while the fielding side plays a crucial role in maintaining the cricket ball in ideal condition. The ball must be shot into a position where it would be safe to take a run or directed through or over the boundary in order for the batter to score runs. Baseballs are lighter and softer than cricket balls.
As we know a Cricket Ball is one of the most essential items in a game of cricket, let’s discuss some key features of it.
The Weight and Size of the Cricket Ball
As the ball is made of leather, it changes its weight and size during the different phases of the game, depending on how much it is used and in which manner. When new, the ball must weigh no less than 5.5 ounces (155.9 g) and no more than 5.75 ounces (163 g), and it must have a circumference that is no less than 8.81 in (22.4 cm) and no more than 9 in (22.9 cm). The umpires are instructed to keep a round device that helps them to make sure that ball is in its original shape and the size is not changed much.
Ultimate Authority of the Ball
Calling Cricket a Gentlemen’s game doesn’t stop the players from a foul play. There have been quite some instances, past and present, in which players were caught meddling with the ball. Hence, it is the responsibility of the Umpires to make sure the Ball is in its original condition and no foul play is attempted.
The Umpires shall determine the balls that are going to be used in the match, and will have to be in possession of them from the start of the match to the very end. Moreover, umpires should have the possession of the ball at the fall of each wicket, at the start of any interval and at any interruption of play.
The New Ball
Either captain may request a fresh ball at the start of each innings, barring any prior agreements to the contrary. When the total number of overs, excluding any partial overs, bowled with the old ball is equal to or greater than 80 overs during a game lasting more than one day, the captain of the fielding side may request a new ball. Every time a new ball is taken by the fielding side, the umpire must signal to the batter, the scorers, and the opposing umpire about it.
Ball Lost or Unfit for Play
In case a ball is lost or is so damaged that it is not possible to play with it, a new ball can be taken. However, it should be ensured that the ball almost as old as the one being replaced. That is one of the reasons why umpires should have the ball at the end of ever over, so that he would know how much old and damaged the ball was. Also, the batting and fielding captains must be informed about the ball change.
Ball Specifications for Women’s and Under-13 Cricket
The specifications described at the start of the article shall apply to men’s cricket only. For Women’s and Under-13 cricket, the specifications of the cricket ball vary. The following specifications shall apply to:
The weight of the cricket ball in the women’s cricket shall be from 4.94 ounces/140 g to 5.31 ounces 151 g. The Circumference shall be from 8.25 in/21.0 cm to 8.88 in/22.5 cm.
Junior cricket – Under 13
Similar to Women’s cricket, the balls used in junior cricket varies from that used in the Men’s cricket. The Weight of the ball shall range from 4.69 ounces/133 g to 5.06 ounces 144 g. The Circumference shall be from 8.06 in/20.5 cm to 8.69 in/22.0 cm.